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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the Technical Education Routes?

In future, Technical Education will be arranged around the common framework of 15 technical education routes identified in the Sainsbury Review. These encompass all employment-based and college-based activity. The aim of these new routes is to facilitate the progress of young people from compulsory schooling into skilled employment and the highest levels of technical competence. A technical route could be followed either through an apprenticeship or in a college where the training would be supported by a substantial work placement, with both programmes being based on employer-designed occupational standards. In light of this, any standard now approved for development will align with one of the 15 technical routes. Details of the 15 routes can be found on page 22 of the Government Skills Plan here. The 15 Routes are:

Agriculture, Environmental and Animal Care
Business and Administrative
Catering and Hospitality
Childcare and Education
Creative and Design
Engineering and Manufacturing
Hair and Beauty
Health and Science
Legal, Finance and Accounting
Protective Services
Sales, Marketing and Procurement
Social Care
Transport and Logistics

What’s the difference between an apprenticeship, an intern and a placement?

Apprenticeships are recognised formally by the Government. Apprentices must be working to a published and approved Framework or Standard (which includes mandatory off-the-job training delivered by a training provider). Apprentices by law must have a contract of employment and be paid the appropriate minimum wage rate.

Internships are time limited work opportunities which must be paid (exceptions apply).
There is no formal training or accreditation attached to an internship like there is with an apprenticeship.

Work placements are very short opportunities (usually no longer than two weeks) allowing somebody to observe the work of an organisation and gain some basic experience/understanding of a role and/or workplace.

Do the Apprenticeship changes only apply to certain age groups, or people from specific groups?

No. From April 2017 anyone over the age of 16 (having completed their GCSE year at school) can undertake an apprenticeship and can have their training costs covered.
For graduates and those with higher level training they can only undertake an apprenticeship and have their training funded if their apprenticeship is in a different subject to their degree or prior higher-level qualification(s).
Employers that take on a 16-18 year old apprentice or a 19-24 year old who was formerly in care, or who has an Education and Health Care Plan, will receive an additional £1000 incentive payment from the Government to help cover additional costs associated with employing individuals from these demographics.

I am an organisation in Scotland / Wales / Northern Ireland – what does the Levy mean to me? If nothing, where do I go for information on Apprenticeships in these countries?

The levy only impacts England currently. If you would like information on apprenticeships in the Nations you can find information on the following links:

Northern Ireland